• Dr. Jones

Can I appoint egg donors by myself for IVF in the United States?

For most couples, it’s not a trouble to have children, but some couples may encounter difficulty. Actually, egg donation is usually the best solution to achieve pregnancy for those infertile women who have low egg quality or irregular ovulation because of natural or acquired reasons. Today, I’m going to discuss some basic information about egg donation, and why you should choose egg donation?


1. Why choose egg donation


The term egg donation refers to egg cell donation or oocyte donation which is a method of fertility treatment, and the demand has greatly increased in recent years. Starting from the age of 35, women’s ovarian reserves have continued to decrease and the quality of eggs has become worse. From the age of 40, oocytes are more prone to cause genetic abnormalities to the next generation.



The following are the reasons that led a couple to consider egg donation:


  1. Genetic changes or history of genetic disease;

  2. Low ovarian reserve by Premature ovarian failure (POF);

  3. Loss of ovarian function by cancer treatment;

  4. Surgical interventions, such as removal of one ovary (unilateral or bilateral oophorectomy, also called oophorectomy), voluntary sterilization (tubal ligation) and etc.


The United States has attracted many Chinese patients to go over there for IVF because of its advanced technology, high-end equipment, and competed for laws. Many Chinese infertile families want to rely on legal egg donation and advanced technology to realize their family dreams in the United States. Then, the first problem faced by the intended parents is the egg source. How should they select their egg donor? Among them, the egg donor plays an important role in determining the success rate of IVF. Therefore, the United States IVF experts suggest that they have to choose carefully.



2. Can designate a specific egg donor from China?


Generally speaking, IVF clinics will not accept the designated egg donors in the United States. It is understood that the Chinese egg donation market is not protected by law, and the egg donor source is relatively chaotic and the rights, thus the interests of intended parents cannot be effectively protected. After delivering the baby, he or she may face a paternity test and a complicated ethical relationship. In addition, IVF clinics have very strict requirements for egg donors in the United States. They have comprehensive requirements on the physical health, genetic diseases, and mental health and even educational background for the egg donors, thus not all egg donors could meet the standards. Therefore, experts suggest families who need egg donors to pregnancy should choose egg donors in the United States for IVF.




3. How’s the process of the match in the United States


For couples who are looking for egg donors, they can match healthy egg donors depending on their needs. With a professional Chinese egg bank provider, they can provide the egg donors with different East Asian descent such as Chinese, Korean, and Japanese. Also, they can help families find their satisfactory egg donors much more quickly.


In order to maximize the birth rate and health parameters, all egg donors in the US Asian egg bank would undergo a comprehensive physical examination (effectively avoiding recessive genetic diseases) currently, and they must meet the conditions to submit an egg donation application and donators should have been taken detailed physical and psychological tests in advance. These candidate egg donors usually have golden fertility age, about 21-30 years old. Basically, the donors have the highest egg quality, so it ensures a high chance of conception for intended parents. Therefore, both physically and mentally they are matchable and they are fully prepared to help build a happy family for those intended parents.


In addition, although the American Society of Reproductive Medicine has no evidence to prove that egg donation will have negative long-term effects, the United States law limited that women can only donate eggs 6 times in a lifetime. Experts point out that the limit on the number of times is not only due to physical health considerations, more out of ethical considerations. This restriction will demographically control the number of offspring that women have, thereby reducing the possibility that these babies born through egg donation will meet in the future and will have close relatives. In addition, except for the necessary information for egg donation matching, egg donors are all anonymous and intended parents cannot obtain other private information from them in order to protect the legitimate rights and interests of the egg donor.


Source:https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/53520186

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